English Grammar Rules for Sentence Formation

Tips & Tricks to Learn how to form correct sentences

Grammar is the most integral part of English language of a competitive exam. The basic understanding of English completely depends on your expertise in grammar. This includes the structure of words, phrases, clauses, sentence formation and the structure of the whole texts. Grammar is a system and structure of every language. The rules of grammar help us decide the order of words to form a sentence.

The typical kind of question asked in competitive exams in English are categorized as follows:

·        Fill in the blanks

·        Identify the errors

·        Correcting the sentence

General English can be simple to deal with if your basics are clear. With this article, you will not only prepare for your forthcoming exams but also fine-tune your communication skills.

We will learn noun, pronoun, adverb, verb, preposition, conjunction, phrases, article and degree of comparison. Let us understand each with an example:


A noun is a word used as name of a person, place or thing. For example, boy, bridge, country, India, etc.

“A boy was eating ice cream.”

‘Boy’ and ‘ice cream’, both are nouns in the above sentence.

Read more: Tips to learn Antonyms, Synonyms, and Homonyms



A pronoun is a word which used instead of a noun. For example, he, she, it, them, etc.

“He was eating ice cream.”

‘He’ is the pronoun in the above sentence.


Verbs are words that show an action (sing), occurrence (develop), or state of being (exist). Almost every sentence requires a verb. For example, admit, carry, eat, fall, handle, etc.

“A boy was eating ice cream.”

‘Eating’ is the verb in the above sentence.


An adverb is a word/a set of words that modifies verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Many words can be both adverbs and adjectives according to their activity in the sentence.

“A boy was calmly eating ice cream.”

‘Calmly’ is the adverb in the above sentence.


A preposition is a word used to describe a location, time or place. Simple examples are words like at, for, in, off, over, under, etc.

“A boy was eating ice cream in the backyard.”

‘In’ is the preposition in the above sentence.



A conjunction is a word used to connect the phrases or sentences in the same clause. For example, and, between, yet, but, since, unless, while, where, etc.

“A boy was eating ice cream because it was his favorite flavor.”

‘Because’ is the conjunction in the above sentence.


A phrase is a group of words that express a concept and is used as a unit in a sentence. For example, ‘Practice makes a man perfect.’ A group of words used to explain the idea of motivation or encouragement.



An article is an adjective. Like adjectives, articles modify nouns. English has two articles: the and a/an. The is used to refer to specific or particular nouns; a/an is used to modify non-specific or non-particular nouns. We call the, the definite article and a/an are the indefinite article.

“A boy was eating ice cream in the backyard.”

‘A’ and ‘the,’ both articles are used in the above sentence.

Degree of comparison:  

Degree of comparison is a form of an adjective that indicates a different degree of the attribute the adjective denotes; the positive, comparative and superlative forms. For example, the degrees of comparison of good are good (positive), better (comparative) and best (superlative).

“A boy was eating ice cream better than mine.”

The word ‘better’ used in the above sentence denotes degree of comparison.


These were some of the important factors of grammar that one needs to remember without any confusion. The basics of English rely completely on the above explained pointers. Even if you are not an expert of English language, learning the basics of grammar will give you basic idea of the language and the sentence formation. Do not miss on any of the grammar lessons if you want to score good in English.

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