Know about the history, types and interesting facts about Mountain
Basically, there are three types of land forms namely, the mountains, the plateau, and the plains. As we know the surface of the earth varies from one place to another, therefore, there are two processes in which different land forms are formed. They are the natural feature of the earth. The process in which they are formed is of two kinds, external and internal.
What are the mountains?
The mountains are the natural elevation of the earth’s surface with steep, sloping slides and sharp and round ridges and a high point, called a peak or a point. A series or range of mountains that are located closely is called mountain range, the range can even spread over hundreds of kilometers. There is a process called plate tectonics, where the pieces of Earth’s crust or plates smash against each other and buckle up like the hood of a car in a head-on collision. Thirty of the highest mountains in the world are located in the Himalayas.
Very high mountains are covered with snow due to the fact that temperature decreases with the increase in altitude.
Let us discuss the types of mountains. There are four main types of mountains.
- Fold Mountains
The process through which these mountains are formed is known as orogeny.
The orogenic process takes millions of years to create a fold mountain. After the telephonic plates get the pressure from both the sides, folds are formed.
There are two kinds of folds, downwards and upwards. When the fold is downward synclines and when it is upward, they are known as anticlines. The rocks that are severely folded and faulted are known as nappes.
Examples of fold mountains are the Andes and the Alps, and the Himalayas. As they are the young mountains of the world hence, they have some of the highest peaks.
- Block Mountains
Block mountains are formed when the large areas are broken and displaced vertically. The uplifted blocks are called horsts and the lowered blocks are known as graben.
The Rhine Valley and the Vosges Mountain in Europe are the examples of Block mountain.
Rhine valley has steep sides and is formed along the fault sides, like East African Rift Valley.
- Volcanic Mountains –
By the name itself, we can get the concept that they are formed due to the volcanic activity.
Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Fujiyama are examples of volcanic mountains.
- Dome Mountains –
The large globs of magma push the surface of rocks from beneath the earth crust, creating rounded swelling in the crust.
When the magma cools down it creates a large dome of harder rocks.
Unknown facts about Mountains –
After the above analysis, it must be clear that they are formed due to the movement of the earth’s crust
Mt. Fuji is part of the world’s first science fiction story.
The largest mountain found in our solar system is on Mars.
One of the easiest high-elevation hikes in the world is Mt. Kilimanjaro.
The longest mountain chain that can be found on earth is under the ocean.
Weathers are highly affected by the mountains.
The highest peak on earth is Mt. Everest, but it is definitely not the tallest one.