List of Important Viceroys in India for competitive exams

Here is a list of Important Viceroys and the changes they bought. 

After the Revolt of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 came out. This act replaced the office of Governor General of India with the Viceroy of India.

The Viceroy was the representative of the British monarch (Crown) in India.

The 1858 Act was an act for the good government of India. The act also abolished the East India Company and transferred all the powers to the crown. It was seen as the beginning of Crown Rule. The Board of Control and Court of Directors was also abolished.  A new office of secretary of State was created and 15 members council was made to assist the secretary. The 1861 Councils Act gave the Viceroy the power to issue ordinances

Here is a list of Important Viceroys and the changes they bought:

Viceroy Period Important Events/ Reforms
Lord Canning 1856-1862 Withdrew Doctrine of lapse.

Indian Council Act, 1861

Introduction of Portfolio system

Indian Penal Code, 1860 was introduced

Archaeological Survey of India established by Alexander Cunningham.

Lord Lawrence 1864-1869 Calcutta, Bombay, Madras in 1865 got high courts.

Indian Forest Department.

Opened telegraph line with Europe.

He was known as the Savior of Punjab.

Lord Mayo 1869-1872 Financial decentralization.

Established Rajkot College (Kathiawar) and Mayo College (Ajmer).

The first census was conducted in 1871.

He organized the Statistical survey of India.

Lord Lytton 1876-1880  Famine commission under Richard Starchey was appointed.

Introduced uniform salt tax.

Supported free trade policy.

Second Afghan War (1878-80) and treaty of Gandamak.

Vernacular press Act, 1878.

Lord Rippon 1880-1884 First Factory act was passed in 1881, it prohibited the child labour.

Illbert Bill in 1883.

Known as “Ripon the Good”.

1882- Hunter Commission (recommended the expansion of elementary education of the masses)

Passed Local Self Government act in 1882. Known as father of “local self  government “

Lord Dufferin 1884-1888 Indian National Congress was formed in 1885.
Lord Lansdowne 1888-1894 Indian Council Act was passed in 1892.

Second Factory Act in 1891

Durand Commission to define a line between British India and Afghanistan.

Lord Curzon 1899-1905 Partition of Bengal in 1905

Instituted Police Commission under Andrew Frazer.

Universities Act, 1904- bought all universities under control of Government.

Victoria Memorial was built by him.

Lord Minto 1905-1910 Morley-Minto reform- passed in 1909.

Known as “Father of Communal electorate”

Lord Hardinge 1910-1916 The capital was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911

He was the target of the Delhi Conspiracy Case.

Annie Besant started the Home Rule moment

Lord Chelmsford 1916-1921 August Declaration of 1917, after which the control over the Indian Government would be transferred to Indian people.

Rowlatt Act was passed

Montague-Chelmsford reform was passed in 1919.

The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place on 13th April 1919.

Non- Cooperation and Khilafat movement were launched.

Lord Reading 1921-1926 The horrific Chaura incident took place and Ganhiji stopped the non- cooperation movement.
Lord Irwin 1926-1931 Simon commission visited India in 1928 to review the working of  Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms of 1919.

Dandi March- 1930

Civil Disobedience movement began

Gandhi- Irwin pact was signed

First Round Table Conference was held in 1931.

Lord Willingdon 1931-1936 Poona Pact was signed.

Second and Third Round Table Conference were held in 1931ans 1932 respectively.

Communal Award started by British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald.

Government of India Act (1935) was passed.

Lord Linlithgow 1936-1944

Cripps Mission visited India in 1942.

Quit India movement began

Second World war (1939- 45)

Lord Wavell 1944-1947 Shimla Conference was held on June 25, 1945.

Cabinet Mission Plan was announced in 1946.

Lord Mountbatten March 1947- August 1947 He was the last Viceroy of India

He was the first Governor General of free India.

Partition of India took place under him on June 3, 1947.I

India Independent Act was passed on July 4, 1947 by British parliament.

India became independent on August 15, 1947.

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