October 14: Dhamma Chakra Pravartan Day

Do you know who is associated as the first and last Muslim lady ruler in Indian History?

Ambedkar’s essence lies in heralding a systemic change, instead of craving for political freedom. He had always given voice to the needs of Dalits in our society and had always fought against the social hierarchy for equality. Read the article to know about it and also about the other events of this day.

Indian History

1950 – Birth Anniversary of Arun Khetarpal

october 14 in history

(Arun Khetrapal in Indo-Pak War)

Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal(14 October 1950 – 16 December 1971) was an official of the Indian Army and an after-death beneficiary of the Param Vir Chakra, India’s most noteworthy military adornment for courage in face of the adversary. He was martyred in action in the Battle of Basantar in the Battlefield of Shakargarh during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971,where his activities earned him his honor.

1956 – Starting of Dhamma Chakra Pravartan Day 

october 14 in history

Dhammachakra Pravartan Day is a day to celebrate the Buddhist conversion of Dr. B R Ambedkar and approximately 600,000 followers from Hinduism on 14 October 1956, at Deekshabhoomi. B R Ambedkar along with his Dalit followers made history when they decided to leave the folds of Hinduism and embrace Buddhism. He always criticized Hinduism and believed it to be a bigger threat to Indian society. For the same reason, he believed that Buddhism can give new impetus to the Dalit movement in India, and can allow the group to find a voice free from the shackles of the four-fold varna system in Hinduism.

Read more: October 13: A Day Regarded to Shahenshah-e-Qawwali

1240 – Death Anniversary of Razia Sultan  

Raziya Sultan (1236–1240), was a leader of the Delhi Sultanate in the northern aspect of the Indian subcontinent. She was outstanding for being the first female Muslim leader of the Indian Subcontinent. She administered Delhi during 1231–1232  after his dad Sultan Shamsuddin Iltutmish.On October 14, 1240, Sultan Muizuddin Bahram drove a military against the powers of Altunia and Razia Sultan and crushed them. They had to withdraw to Kaithal, where they were abandoned by their fighters and were slaughtered by a gathering of Hindus.

2010 –  Beginning of 19th Commonwealth Game 

(Dr. M.S. Gill meeting the members of Northern Ireland at the Games Village)

The 2010 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XIX Commonwealth Games, was a global multi-sport occasion that was held in Delhi, India, from 3 October 2010. An aggregate of 4352 competitors from 71 Commonwealth countries and conditions contended in 21 games and 272 occasions, making it the biggest Commonwealth Games to date. It was likewise the biggest global multi-sport occasion to be organized in Delhi and India, obscuring the Asian Games in 1951 and 1982. On October 14, 2010, the closing ceremony was held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium which was the principal arena of the occasion.

Let us take a look at International Event

1884 – Kodak Film Patent Issued 

october 14 in history

(George Eastman Museum)

George Eastman was an American business person who assisted with bringing the photographic utilization of roll film into the standard. He got the patent on October 14, 1884, and his development revolutionized photography by utilizing covered paper and rollers, instead of substantial glass dry plates, to recreate pictures. He focused on “making the camera as advantageous as the pencil,” in the wake of gathering the substantial, confounded, and costly hardware he expected to keep an image record of his get-away. This creation permitted him to mass-produce the little hand-held box camera loaded up with moves of the film with 100 presentations.

1964 –  Martin Lither King Jr. got the Nobel Peace Prize

october 14 in history

(Martin Luther King Jr. at Prize Ceremony)

Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Christian minister and an African-American activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968. On October 14, 1964. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice in America. At 35 years of age, he as a Georgia-born minister was the youngest person ever to receive the award.

Watch the video and listen to one of Martin’s speeches.

Do you know the very popular comic fiction, Winnie the Pooh got published on this day in 1926.

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