What is UPSC and what are the role and responsibilities of an IAS officer?

If you are an aspiring candidate for UPSC you should know the role and responsibilities of the same

What are UPSC Exams & how to prepare it at home? 

UPSC refers to the Union Public Service Commission and it mainly refers to the IAS, IPS, IRS posts and other Government exams. UPSC exams is conducted by the Union Public service commission all over India to recruit directly for the posts of IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS and other A and B group officers.

The exam is conducted in three phases

Step 1: Preliminary: The test consists of objective type questions with negative marking scheme for wrong answers. The test is usually conducted in May. There are two papers for the Preliminary exams which is General studies and CSAT, both the papers are for marks and have 2 hours of duration to complete.

Step 2: Main Exams: Main exams is a subjective type test and carries 2000 marks. The main exam is comprising of 9 papers and it continues for around 21 days.  The current Mains exams are of three subjects

General studies: It has two papers and both carrying marks of 300 and has a time duration of 3 hours for each paper.

Read more: How to effectively prepare for UPSC without coaching?

Optional Subject 1: It also has 2 papers with marks for 300 and it goes for about 3 hours each.

Optional subject 2: it goes the same as for optional subject 1. The marks and time duration for this paper is the same as it is for optional subject 1.

Essay carries 200 marks it has 3 hours of time duration to complete.

Step3: Interview or Personal test: Qualified candidates can be called by UPSC in the month of March or April. The interview starts generally two weeks after the general exam results are announced and the time of the interview is generally around 40 days

What is IAS? 

Indian Administration Service is classified as A Category service in the government service.  IAS, IPS and IFS are the most sought-after posts. IAS officers are given the most strategic positions in the Union government and state government.

A person appointed as through civil service has personal moral and professional responsibilities to handle the important matters for the able administrative matters and smooth functioning of the affairs.

Initially, IAS officers work at the sub-divisional level in the state administrative affairs. An IAS officer is expected to perform diverse roles like that of the Collector, Commissioner, Chief Secretary cabinet secretary and more.

Role and responsibility of an IAS officer

An IAS official is a part of the administrative unit of the executive branch of the government of India.

The prime responsibility of an Indian Civil Service is to handle the various government affairs including the officers appointed at the state and central level.

An IAS officer is authorized to manage the task of managing various administrative departments and the function of the departments.

An IAS officer is also responsible to maintain law and order, supervising revenue administration and general administration of the designated area in his/her jurisdiction.  Implementing state and central government policies supervising the expenditure of public funds also falls into his domain.

Eligibility for UPSC

The candidate must be a degree holder or graduate (Degree received by the UGC) to appear in the exams. India student with a foreign need to validate his degree or guarantee that his/her degree is authorized.

Minimum and Maximum age to appear in the UPSC exams

The minimum age limit for all candidate is same, he/ she must have attained the age of 21. However, the maximum age limit for general and OBC candidates should not have attained the age of 30 on the first of August of the year of examination and SC/ST category people should not have attained the age of 35 on first August of the year of examination.

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