History of September 13: Major events that happened on this day

All you need to know about the history of 13 September

What were the major events and challenges of this day? Who all people gave their contribution? What happened on 13 September? History and work of famous personalities

History – India

1948 – Annexation of Hyderabad

( The IronMan of India)

The Annexation of Hyderabad was a surgical strike, announced by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on 13th September 1948. It was a military operation known as ‘Operation Polo’ in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded the Nizam – ruled princely state, annexing it into the Indian Union. The operation took place for 3 days and resulted in Decisive Indian Victory.

1929 – Death Anniversary of Jitendra Nath

Jatindra Nath Das, a freedom fighter of India breathed his last on September 13, 1929. After a 63-day-long fast for protecting political prisoners from injustice in the jail. Only 24 years old at the time, Das had undertaken this hunger strike along with Shaheed Bhagat Singh and other imprisoned freedom fighters in the Lahore Central Jail.

Read more: History of September 12th: List of National &International events

1500 – First European Company of India

( Representation of Portugees arrival)

On 13th September 1500,  Portuguese Explorer and navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral Lands in Calicut and Opened the first European Factory in India through the Vasco Da Gama route. He was also known for the Discovery of Brazil .

2000 – Chess World Cup

(picture of Vishwanathan Anand)

The FIDE World Cup 2000 was a 24-player Category XVI chess tournament played between 1 September and 13 September 2000 in Shenyang China. It was hosted by the Chinese Chess Association and billed as the First Chess World Cup. On 13th September 2000, Vishwanathan Anand was also there among the 24 players. He defeated Evengy Bareev in the final, to win the inaugural title and a $50,000 cash prize.

Births – Indian

On 13th September 1845, Henry John Stedman Cotton was born. He was the Chairman of the Indian National Congress and had a long career in the Indian Civil Service, during which he was sympathetic to Indian nationalism. After returning to England, he served as a Liberal Party Member of Parliament for Nottingham East from 1906 to January 1910.

On 13th September 1946, Indian Soldier Major Ramaswami Parmeshwaram was born. He was an officer of the Indian Army who was awarded with the Param Vir Chakra, India’s highest military decoration for his bravery.

History- International

1898 – Patents of celluloid Photographic film

On 13th August 1989, the first Photographic film made up of Celluloid got a patent. This film was based on transparent and flexible roll film and it was also used on the first projector which was invented by Thomas Alva Edison.

1914 – First Battle of Aisne

 ( Representation of war)

 The First Battle of the Aisne was started on 13th September 1913. It was the Allied follow-up offensive against the right-wing of the German First Army and the Second Army as they retreated after the First Battle of the Marne earlier in September 1914. The Advance to the Aisne consisted of the Battle of the Marne and the Battle of the Aisne.

1922 – Gydnia, a universal seaport

The Port of Gdynia is the main passenger port for the Three-City area. After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles made Danzig a free city under the protection of the League of Nations, despite the residents’ protests. In 1920 during the Polish-Soviet War, the government of Poland decided to build a seaport in Gdynia. On 13th September 1922, the Polish Parliament enacted legislation to expedite building, and the private Gdynia Shipyard was established. By 1938, the year when the Gdynia shipyard began to build ships, it was associated as the Universal Seaport in the world.

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