The State of Forest Report: Everything you need to know
The State of Forest Report (SFR) is a biennial report which means it is published every two years. It was first published in the year 1987, the 2019 edition is the 16th edition. The report is prepared by Forest Survey of India, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC). Satellite mapping of forests and trees is done to prepare this report.
- Very Dense Forest with a canopy density of more than 70%,
- Moderately Dense Forest with a canopy density between 40-70% and
- Open Forest with a canopy density between 10- 40%.
- Tree cover includes all patches of trees less than 1 ha.
The 2019 report is just out and the trends it shows are quite dissatisfactory.
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Here are the important points-
- The Total Forest Cover has increased very minimally to 21.67% from 21.54%
- The tree and forest cover has increased to 25.56% from 24.39% in 2017.
- The top three states in forest cover were- Karnataka (1025 sq km), Andhra Pradesh (990 sq km)and Kerala (823 sq km0.
- Area wise, the largest forest cover was that of Madhya Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and Maharashtra.
- The mangrove forest cover has also increased in states like Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Odisha.
- The north-eastern states (except Assam and Tripura) have seen a decline in the forest area.
- Forest cover in the hill districts of the country is 40.30% of the total geographical area of these districts. It has seen a 0.19% increase.
- The total forest cover in the tribal districts is 37.54% of the geographical area of these districts.
The report shows that India is very far from achieving the target set by the National Forest Policy of 1988- having 33% of the total area under forest and tree cover.
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