The Article provides Insights about Steel Scrap Recycling Policy, why it is required, its uses and benefits.
The Union Government of India has come out with a Steel Scrap Recycling Policy resulting from the Indian government’s National Steel Policy of 2017, with an aim to reduce imports, conserve resources and save energy. Under the Indian government’s National Steel Policy of 2017 , the country is expected to have 300 million mt/year of steel production capacity by 2030.
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Key features of the policy:
- Aims at promoting circular economy in the steel sector”, besides promoting “a formal and scientific collection, dismantling and processing activities for end of life products.
- Provides a framework to facilitate and promote establishment of metal scrapping centres in India, ensuring scientific processing and recycling of ferrous scrap generated from various sources and a variety of products.
- Directed towards decongestion of the Indian cities from reuse of ferrous scrap, besides creating a mechanism for treating waste streams and residues produced from dismantling and shredding facilities in compliance to Hazardous & Other Wastes (Management & Trans boundary Movement) Rules, 2016 issued by the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
- Based on “6Rs principles of Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Recover, Redesign and Remanufacture through scientific handling, processing and disposal of all types of recyclable scraps including non-ferrous scraps, through authorized centres / facility”.
What’s need of Steel Scrap Recycling Policy:
- The country’s steel scrap imports were valued at Rs 24,500 crore in 2017-18, while the deficit was to the tune of 7 MT.
- The scrap policy will ensure processing and recycling of products in an organised, safe and environment friendly manner, besides evolving a responsive ecosystem and producing high quality ferrous scrap for quality steel production minimising the dependency on imports.
- The gap between demand and supply of scrap can be reduced in the future and the country may be self-sufficient by 2030.
- The scrapping policy shall ensure that quality scrap is available for the steel industry.
Uses and benefits of Steel Scrap Recycling Policy:
- Scrap is an important input for the electric furnaces. If quality scrap is provided as the charge to the electric furnaces, then the furnaces can produce high grade steel. High grade steel scrap shall not have the impurities if processing is done with the scrap processing centres and by shredders etc.
- There is a worldwide trend to increase steel production using scrap as the main raw material as recycling of scrap helps in conservation of vital natural resources besides other numerous benefits.
- The use of every tonne of scrap shall save 1.1 tonne of iron ore, 630 kg of coking coal and 55 kg of limestone. There shall be considerable saving in specific energy consumption also.