Articles in Indian Constitution- Must Know Important Articles and what do they deal with.

The Article features the important Articles in Indian Constitution and what do important Articles of the Constitution Deals with.

The Constitution Of India, whose chief architect was B.R. Ambedkar, was adopted by the constituent assembly on 26th Nov 1949 and came into force on 26th Jan 1950.Below mentioned is the list of few Articles that are laid in Indian Constitution. The constitution has a preamble and 448 articles. There are 103 amendments have been made in the Indian constitution so far.

The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Fourth Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Mr. Thaawar Chand Gehlot on January 8, 2019. The Bill seeks to provide for the advancement ofeconomically weaker sections” of citizens.

Indian Constitution

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Article No 1: Name and territory of the Union

Article No 3: Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing states

Article No 5: Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution.

Article No 6: Rights of Citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan.

Article No 10: Continuance of  the Rights of Citizenship.

Article No 11:  Parliament to Regulate the Right of Citizenship by law.

Article No12 : Definition of The State

Article No13: Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the Fundamental Rights

Article No 14: Equality before law

Article No 15: Right To Equality –Prohibition of Discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

Article No 16: Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment

Article No 17: Abolition of untouchability

Article No 19: Right to freedom of speech and expression, to assemble peaceably and without arms, to form associations or unions, to move freely throughout the territory of India, to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.

Article No 20: Protection in respect of conviction of offences.

Article No 21: Protection of life and personal liberty.

Article No 21A: Right to elementary education.

Article No 22: Protection in respect of Conviction for offenses.

Article No 23: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour. 

Article No 24: Prohibition of employment of children below 14 years in factories  

Article No 25: Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion

Article No 26: Freedom to manage religious affairs

Article No 27: Freedom to pay tax for promotion of any particular religion.

Article No 28: Freedom from attending religious instruction.

Article No 29: Protection from interest of minorities.

Article No 30: Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions

Article No 31: Right to property.

Article No 31C: Saving of laws giving effect to certain Directive Principles

Article No 32: Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights including writs.

Article No 33: Power of parliament to modify the rights in their application to forces.

Article No 34: Restriction on Rights while martial law is in force in any area:

Article No 35: Parliament have the power to make laws while legislature of the state doesn’t.

Article No 36: Definition of Directive principles of state policy.

Article No 37: Application of Directive principles of state policy.

Article No 38: State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people

Article No 39 A: Equal justice and free legal aid.

Article No 40: Organisation of village panchayats.

Article No 41: Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases

Article No 42 : Provision of just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.

Article No 43 Article No 43 A: Living wages for workers and participation of workers in management of industries

Article No 44: Uniform Civil Code for the citizens

Article No 45: Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of 6 years.

 Article No 46: Promotion of educational and economic interests of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other weaker sections

Article No 47: Duties of the state to raise the level of nutrition and standard of living to improve public health.

Article No 48: Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry.

Article No 49: Safeguard of forest and wildlife. Also includes protection and safeguard of environment.

Article No 50: Separation of judiciary from executive.

Article No 51: Promotion of international peace and security.

Article No 51A: Fundamental Duties.

Article No 5273: President and Vice President of India.

Article No 72: Powers of President to grant pardons, suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.

Article No 74: Council of Ministers to aid and advice the President

Article No 76: AttorneyGeneral of India

 Article No 78: Duties of prime minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc.

Article No 105: Powers and privileges of the House of Parliament.

Article No 109: Special procedure in respect of money bills.

Article No 110: Definition of Money Bills

Article No 112: Annual Financial Statement (Budget)

Article No 123:  Power of President to promulgate ordinances during recess of Parliament

Article No 129: Supreme Court to be court of record.

Article No 137: Review of orders passed by the Supreme court.

Article No 143: Power of President to consult Supreme Court

Article No 148: Comptroller and AuditorGeneral of India

Article No 149: Duties and powers of the Comptroller and AuditorGeneral of India (CAG)

Article No 155: Appointment of the Governor

Article No 161: Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases

Article No 163: Council of ministers to aid and advice the Governor

Article No 165:AdvocateGeneral of the state

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Article No 167: Duties of Chief Minister with regard to the furnishing of information to the Governor, etc.

Article No 168: Constitution of Legislatures in the states

Article No 169: Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in the states

Article No 170: Composition of Legislative Assemblies in the states

Article No 171: Composition of Legislative Councils in the states

Article No 172: Duration of State Legislatures

Article No 173: Qualification for membership of the State Legislature

Article No 174: Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and dissolution

Article No 178: Speakers and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly

Article No 194: Powers, privileges and immunity of AdvocateGeneral

Article No 200: Assent to bills by governor (including reservation for President)

Article No 202:Annual financial statement of the State Legislature

Article No 210: Language to be used in the State Legislature

Article No 212: Courts not to inquire into proceedings of the State Legislature  

Article No 213: Power of governor to promulgate ordinances during recess of the State Legislature

Article No 214: High courts for the states

Article No 217: Appointment and the conditions of the office of the judge of a High Court

Article No 226: Power of high courts to issue certain writs

Article No 239A: Special provisions with respect to Delhi

Article No 243B: Constitution of Panchayats

Article No 243C: Composition of Panchayats

Article No 243G: Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats

Article No 243K: Elections to the Panchayats

Article No 244:  The Schedule and Tribal areas.

Article No 249: Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest

Article No 262: Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of interstate rivers or river valleys

Article No 263: Provisions with respect to an interstate council

Article No 265: Taxes not to be imposed save by authority of law.

Article No 266: Consolidated funds and public accounts of India and the States.

Article No 269-271: Taxes related.

Article No 275: Grants from the Union to certain states

Article No 280: Finance Commission

Article No 292: Borrowing by the Govt. Of  India.

Article No 300: Suits and proceedings

Article No 300A: Persons not to be deprived of property save by authority of law (Right to property)

Article No 309:  Recruitment and Conditions of Service of persons serving the union or the state.

Article No 311: Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a state.

Article No 312: All India Services

Article No 315: Public Service Commission for the Union and for the states

Article No 320: Functions of Public Service Commissions

Article No 323A: Administrative Tribunals

Article No 324: Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission

Article No 330: Reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in the House of the People

Article No 335: Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to services and posts

Article No 342- Article 351: Official Language. 

Article No 352: Proclamation of Emergency (National Emergency)

Article No 356: Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in states (President’s Rule)

Article No 360: Provisions as to Financial Emergency.

Article No 361: Protection of President, Governors and Rajpramukhs.

Article No 365: Effect of failure to comply with or to give effect to, directions given by the Union (President’s Rule)

Article No 368: Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefore

Article No 370: Temporary provisions with respect to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Article No 393-395: Short title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals.

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