What are the Fundamental Rights? Know about their Importance & Origin

What are the Fundamental rights and why you need them?


The 6 Fundamental rights provided by our constitution are essential for the freedom of the general population. These rights are mentioned in the Charter of Rights, contained in Articles 12 to 35, in Part III of the Constitution of India. These include liberal policies favored by most democratic governments, like cultural, religious, and occupational freedom. It also talks about freedom to travel or to stay in any part of the state, freedom to marry according to one’s choice, freedom to exercise one’s vote, etc.

The six fundamental rights provided by the Indian constitution to every citizen are:

1. Right to Equality mentioned in Articles 14-18

2. Right to Freedom mentioned in Articles 19-22

3. Right against exploitation mentioned in Articles 23-24

4. Right to freedom of religion mentioned in Articles 25-28

5. Cultural and Educational Rights mentioned in Articles 29-30

6. Right to Constitutional Remedies mentioned in Articles 32-35

1. Right to Equality

It means equality before the eyes of the law. Notably, nobody can discriminate on the basis of religion, race, caste, gender or venue of birth, equality of opportunity in matters of employment, the abolition of untouchability and abolition of any special titles.

2. Right to Freedom of Speech & Expression  

The right to freedom incorporates the freedom of speech and expression. It also gives freedom to form unions or cooperatives for community welfare, freedom of movement and stay in any part of the country and the right to follow any profession or occupation of one’s choice.

3. Right against exploitation

The right against exploitation bans all sorts of labor and trafficking of humans.

4. Right to freedom of religion 

The right to freedom of religion allows anyone to choose, practice and propagate one’s religion, open educational institutes for the spread of religious knowledge, etc.

5. Cultural and Educational Rights

Cultural and educational rights prevent any section, especially minorities, from being forced to give up their tradition and ensures safeguards to conserve their culture or language.

 6. Right to Constitutional Remedies

The right to constitutional remedies ensures that fundamental rights are duly exercised. In case one’s rights are violated, provision for appealing is available in the constitution.

Other highlights of the Indian Constitution:

  1. It gives shield if any political leader abuses his capacity.
  2. 2. It provides safeguards to ensure non-discrimination.
  3. It states that all individuals are equivalent under the watchful eye of law.
  4. It bestows certain fundamental rights upon all its citizens.

Importance of these rights

Key rights for Indians have additionally been aimed at toppling the disparities faced by people. The main reason behind it was pre-freedom social practices, such as untouchability.

In particular, they have been utilized to nullify untouchability and therefore deny separation on the grounds of religion, race, sex, or birth. They likewise help in ending human trade and trafficking and bonded labor, child labor, etc.

They ensure social privileges of religious and semantic minorities are preserved by enabling them to safeguard their dialects and build their educational institutions.

For more such informative articles stay tuned to OWN TV

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