What is happening in Ladakh between India and China?

All you need to know about the India-China dispute in Ladakh

As the world is fighting towards the novel coronavirus, India has another fight to deal with. The Indian-Chinese troops were seen to be appearing for a face-off in several disputed areas of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Eastern Ladakh.

The Indian army increased the strength of soldiers in Pangong Tso and Galwan Valley, the two prominent areas where the Chinese army was learnt to be deploying around troops besides gradually enhancing temporary infrastructure. Indians troops were strictly patrolling in several sensitive areas including Demchok and Daulat Beg Oldi.

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The important key points to know about this incident are as follows:

  • In May 2020, China had built a stronghold in a larger section of Galwan valley, which included a portion of Ladakh valley. The Chinese troops entered 3-4 kms in the Indian territory of Ladakh. This area was on a standoff since the 1962 war with China. This is the first time China was trying to make alterations on LAC since the sixties.
  • India moved a large number of troops on the disturbed area in order to counter the Chinese movement which is above 14,000 feet.
  • There was a report of sticks and iron rods being used among both the armies which led to the death of few Indian soldiers. Bullets were not used because of the agreement signed between China and India.
  • Experts feel China is trying to occupy some part of Galwan valley which is in Indian territory and make it a difficult international issue for India. By most accounts, 5,000 to 10,000 soldiers of the People’s Liberation Army have dug in the ravine area with the military building makeshift arrangements for settling the troops and use of heavy military equipment.
  • Most of the reports suggest that China wants to acquire the entire portion of Galwan valley which includes some part of Ladakh as well. The Galwan river flows from the disputed Aksai Chin region, which India’s claims as its own, to Xinjian region in China before entering Ladakh.
  • The new Chinese occupation is a big challenge as it will make it extremely difficult for the Indian army to service and support its troops deployed in the Sub Sector North area close to the crucial Karakoram Pass.
  • The Chinese action is seen as a reaction to India’s decision to split Jammu & Kashmir state to create Ladakh as an independent Union Territory. China has earlier taken up the issue at the United Nations saying the decision is interference in its own territory. India and China are involved in a dispute over Aksai Chin, a largely barren area extending from Ladakh to the Xinjiang region of China.

These were some of the important key takeaways from the India-China dispute in Ladakh. A student who is preparing for competitive exams must be aware of this as a part of current affairs and keep himself updated.

Every day there is a new update related to this issue. Kindly follow the news regularly in order to keep yourself updated with what is happening in and around the world.

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