Ramsar Wetland Sites in India: Important from exam point of view

Learn this list of Ramsar Wetlands for your exam

What is the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands?

  • It is an intergovernmental treaty that provides for protection and conservation of wetlands and their resources.
  • It provides a framework for national action and international cooperation for the above.

When and where was it adopted?

It was adopted in 1971 in Ramsar, Iran and came into force in 1975. It is the only global treaty to deal with a particular ecosystem.

World Wetlands Day is observed on 2nd February ever year.

Current Status

  • Today, there are more than 2,200 Ramsar Sites all around the world. 169 countries are a part of this convention.
  • United Kingdom has the maximum number of sites.
  • Bolivia has the largest area under protection through this convention.
  • The largest sites are Ngiri-Tumba-Maindombe in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Queen Maud Gulf in Canada.
  • Ramsar is not affiliated with the United Nations system of Multilateral Environmental Agreements.

Read more: How does a High Court in India work? Organisation, Powers, Jurisdiction

List of Ramsar Sites in India- (It is a very important list from an exam point of view)

Sl. No. Name of Site State Location
1 Asthamudi Wetland Kerala
2 Bhitarkanika Mangroves Orissa
3 Bhoj Wetlands Madhya Pradesh
4 Chandertal Wetland Himachal Pradesh
5 Chilka Lake Orissa
6 Deepor Beel Assam
7 East Calcutta Wetlands West Bengal
8 Harike Lake Punjab
9 Hokera Wetland Jammu and Kashmir
10 Kanjli Lake Punjab
11 Keoladeo Ghana NP Rajasthan
12 Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh
13 Loktak Lake Manipur
14 Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat
15 Point Calimere Tamil Nadu
16 Pong Dam Lake Himachal Pradesh
17 Renuka Wetland Himachal Pradesh
18 Ropar Lake Punjab
19 Rudrasagar Lake Tripura
20 Sambhar Lake Rajasthan
21 Sasthamkotta Lake Kerala
22 Sunderbans Wetland West Bengal
23 Surinsar-Mansar Lakes Jammu and Kashmir
24 Tsomoriri Lake Jammu and Kashmir
25 Upper Ganga River
(Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
Uttar Pradesh
26 Vembanad Kol Wetland Kerala
27 Wular Lake Jammu & Kashmir

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