Learn this list of Ramsar Wetlands for your exam
What is the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands?
- It is an intergovernmental treaty that provides for protection and conservation of wetlands and their resources.
- It provides a framework for national action and international cooperation for the above.
When and where was it adopted?
It was adopted in 1971 in Ramsar, Iran and came into force in 1975. It is the only global treaty to deal with a particular ecosystem.
World Wetlands Day is observed on 2nd February ever year.
- Today, there are more than 2,200 Ramsar Sites all around the world. 169 countries are a part of this convention.
- United Kingdom has the maximum number of sites.
- Bolivia has the largest area under protection through this convention.
- The largest sites are Ngiri-Tumba-Maindombe in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Queen Maud Gulf in Canada.
- Ramsar is not affiliated with the United Nations system of Multilateral Environmental Agreements.
List of Ramsar Sites in India- (It is a very important list from an exam point of view)
|Sl. No.||Name of Site||State Location|
|3||Bhoj Wetlands||Madhya Pradesh|
|4||Chandertal Wetland||Himachal Pradesh|
|7||East Calcutta Wetlands||West Bengal|
|9||Hokera Wetland||Jammu and Kashmir|
|11||Keoladeo Ghana NP||Rajasthan|
|12||Kolleru Lake||Andhra Pradesh|
|14||Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary||Gujarat|
|15||Point Calimere||Tamil Nadu|
|16||Pong Dam Lake||Himachal Pradesh|
|17||Renuka Wetland||Himachal Pradesh|
|22||Sunderbans Wetland||West Bengal|
|23||Surinsar-Mansar Lakes||Jammu and Kashmir|
|24||Tsomoriri Lake||Jammu and Kashmir|
|25||Upper Ganga River
(Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
|26||Vembanad Kol Wetland||Kerala|
|27||Wular Lake||Jammu & Kashmir|
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