Directive Principles of State Policy- Everything you need to know

Understanding the welfare provisions of the state in the Constitution

What is Directive Principles of State Policy?

The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are mentioned in Part IV of the Indian Constitution. There are enumerated from Articles 36 to 51. 

The idea of DPSP has been taken from the Irish Constitution.

So, what do we understand by DPSP?

DPSP is one of the most important parts of the Constitution that constitute economic, social and political programs for a modern and welfare state. 

    • DPSP are seen as “ideals” that a state should strive to achieve. It works towards establishing a welfare state.
    • They have also been borrowed from the Government on India Act of 1935, where it was mentioned in the ‘Instrument of Instructions’.
    • However, the DPSP are non- justiciable and non- enforceable. This means that they cannot be enforced in the court of law. If they are not followed or are violated, there is no legal sanction against it. This is a key difference between DPSP and fundamental rights. 
  • They direct polices and laws that are made by the Central and State Government.
  • They are fundamental to establish a just society and are considered a duty of the Sate to follow these principles.

Read more: What are the roles of Governor in India? Appointment, Role, Powers

Watch this video for an in depth understanding of DPSP-

Here are the DPSP as mentioned in the Constitution-

Article                                             Provision
38 State to secure a social order for the promotion of the welfare of people.
39 Certain principles of policies to be followed by the state. that the citizen

  • men and women have equal pay
  • right to an adequate means of livelihood
  • equitable distribution of resources of the community for the common good;
  • prevention of concentration of wealth and means of production 
  • preservation of the health and strength of workers, men, women, and children
  • children should be given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity
  • prevent exploitation of children 
39 A Equal justice and free legal aid.
40 Organization of village panchayats.
41 Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
42 Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity leaves.
43 Living wage etc. for workers.
43 A Participation of workers in management of industries.
43 B Promotion of cooperative societies.
44 Uniform civil code for the citizens.
45 Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years
46 Promotion of education and economic interests of SC, ST, and other weaker sections.
47 Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
48 Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry.
48 A Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife.
49 Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.
Separation of judiciary from the executive.
51 Promotion of international peace and security
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