How the Prime Minister of India is appointed? Roles, Powers & Appointment

Roles, Powers & Appointment of Prime Minister in India

The Prime Minister is the real executive or the de facto executive. He is the head of the Government. 

How the Prime Minister of India is appointed?

Article 75 states that the PM is to be appointed by the President. The President has to appoint the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha as the PM. Constitutionally, the PM can be a member of any of the two houses. PM who have been from the Rajya Sabha are- 

  • Indira Gandhi, 1966
  • H.D Deve Gowda, 1996
  • I.K Gujral, 1997
  • Dr. Manmohan Singh, 2004

What are the powers and roles of the PM?

The following are broadly the roles of the PM

  1. He is the head of the Government.
  1. He chooses his own Cabinet, but they are appointed by the President.
  1. He is the leader of the Council of Ministers (CoM). If the PM resigns or dies, the other ministers cannot function and the cabinet is dissolved.
  1. He is the link Between President and the Cabinet. He has to communicate the decisions if the CoM relating to administration of affairs of the union and proposals for legislation to the President. 
  1. He can recommend to the President about when the house has to be prorogued or dissolved. As a chief spokesman he makes announcement of principal government policies and answers questions on then
  1. He is the chairman of various commissions such as-
  1. Planning commission
  2. National development council
  3. National integration council 
  4. Inter-state councils 
  5. National water resources council.

Read more: Schedules of the Indian Constitution: How do they work?

He advises the President with regard to appointments of the following-

  • Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)
  • Attorney General of India
  • Advocate General of India
  • Chairman and members of UPSC
  • Selection of Election Commissioners
  • Members and chairman of Finance Commission

From an exam point of view, knowing the articles given below is very important.

Articles related to the Prime Minister as mentioned in the Constitution-

Article 74 Provides for a Council of Ministers which shall aid the President in the exercise of his functions.
Article 75 Other provisions as to Minister

  • The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister
  • The Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the President
  • The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People
  • Before a Minister enters upon his office, the President shall administer to him the oaths of office and of secrecy according to the forms set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule
  • A Minister who for any period of six consecutive months is not a member of either House of Parliament shall at the expiration of that period cease to be a Minister
  • The salaries and allowances of Ministers shall be such as Parliament may from time to time by law determine and, until Parliament so determines, shall be as specified in the Second Schedule The Attorney General for India
Article 77 Conduct of business of the Government of India
Article 78  Duties of the Prime Minister (furnish information to the President)
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