Start with easy topics to score better
Competitive exams come with rigorous syllabus and subjects. English is one of the core subjects among the various subjects that are covered in the syllabus. The basic understanding of English and grammar is very important to score good marks in English. You have to practice a lot from the mock tests in order to prepare yourself for the exam.
Paraphrasing is the part of the core syllabus of the competitive exam. It means expressing views in a different way to give more clarity on the opinion. There are certain sentences given to you in the paper and you are asked to choose a suitable option which paraphrases the original sentence correctly. Hence, it is very important for you to understand paraphrasing and the grammar behind it.
In order to prepare for paraphrasing, one has to study synonyms thoroughly. Synonyms are different words with similar meaning. Synonyms really help you to paraphrase a sentence. The more synonyms you are aware of, the easier it is for you to paraphrase.
In simple words, we’ve all watched television shows and news which we shared with our family and friends in our own language. This explanation in your own words is called ‘paraphrasing’. Not to forget, while paraphrasing the message and idea of the original source should not change, the main ideas need to come through, only the wording has to be your own.
It is a step-by-step method of how to properly paraphrase a piece of information. This skill is a very powerful technique to increase not only your vocabulary but also your fluency, grammar and even pronunciation in English.
Read more: English Grammar Rules for Sentence Formation
The steps to paraphrase are as follows:
Step 1: Separate the information
Choose the relevant paragraph(s) you want to paraphrase.
Separate the sentences.
Step 2: Highlight content words
Choose words that carry the meaning of the sentence.
Step 3: Create new content words
A synonym is a great way to expand your vocabulary and to link those words with correct associations.
What is a synonym? It is another word that is more or less interchangeable with the word at hand.
- The picture was hard to describe
- The picture was difficult to describe
“Hard” and “difficult” in this example have the same meaning, so they are synonyms of one another.
Step 4: Complete the new sentence
Simply string the new words together with whatever you feel goes well, using any different function words you like to complete a full sentence.
Step 5: Review
Now write this complete sentence down and read it back. Does it make sense? If not, ask yourself what you are not happy with and why. This helps your language skills.
Then, look at the original sentence and ask yourself if the new sentence is missing any information you want to include. Is the new structure different and starting to lose the original meaning? If so, simply re-adjust it until you are happy.
Remember that successful paraphrasing requires a compilation of a couple of techniques which not only involve the use of synonyms but also changing the structure of the sentence. This is the common mistake students make while paraphrasing. Changing the structure of the sentence is equally important to fit the sentence without hampering its original meaning.
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