October 20: Beginning of Indo-China War

Do you know about the Invasion of Chittorgarh? Read the blog to know more about it.

The Sino-Indian is also known as the Indo-China War was a war between China and India that started in 1962. The reason behind this war was the Chinese disputed Himalayan border. Notably, there are many other theories that talks about this war. Take a look at the article to know about it.

1962 – Beginning of Indo – China War

indi china war

(Image representing Hindi Chini Bhai- Bhai)

India was attacked on October 20, 1962, in what broadly came to be known as the Sino-India battle of 1962. The conviction of not ever being assaulted by China didn’t let the Indian armed force plan and the outcome was the stalemate between 10,000-20,000 Indian soldiers and 80,000 Chinese soldiers. The war proceeded for about a month and finished on November 21, after China announced a ceasefire.

 How did it start?

  • With the autonomy of the Republic of India and the development of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in the year 1949, one of the strategies for the Indian government was that of keeping up welcoming relations with China. At the point when China declared that it would possess Tibet, India sent a letter of dissent proposing dealings on the Tibet issue. China was considerably more dynamic in sending troops on the Aksai Chin outskirt than some other Indian republic was. India was so worried about its relations with China that it didn’t go to a gathering for the decision of a ceasefire with Japan since China was not welcomed. India even endeavoured to turn into China’s delegate in issues identified with the world since China had been confined from numerous issues.

  • In 1954, China and India concluded the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, under which, India acknowledged Chinese rule in Tibet. It was at this time when former Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru promoted the slogan “Hindi-Chini Bhai-Bhai”.

Read more: October 19: A Day referred to the Discovery of Streptomycin

indo china war

(A representation of War)

  • In July 1954, a notice was composed coordinating an update in the guides of India to show positive limits on all wildernesses. Be that as it may, Chinese guides indicated somewhere in the range of 120,000 square kilometres of Indian region as Chinese. On being addressed, Zhou Enlai, the main Premier of the People’s Republic of China, reacted that there were mistakes in the guides. Best People’s Republic of China pioneer, Mao Zedong felt embarrassed by the gathering Dalai Lama acquired in India when he fled there in March 1959. Pressures expanded between the two countries when Mao expressed that the Lhasa resistance in Tibet was brought about by Indians.

  • China’s perception of India as a threat to its rule of Tibet became one of the most prominent reasons for the Sino-Indian War. On July 10, 1962, around 350 Chinese troops surrounded an Indian post at Chushul and used loudspeakers to convince the Gurkhas that they should not be fighting for India.

  • In October 1959, India realized that it was not ready for war after a clash between the two armies at Kongka Pass, in which nine Indian policemen were killed. This marked the victory of China as India assumed responsibility for the border and pulled back patrols from disputed areas. This is still considered a matter of concern for India and hence, giving birth to several other issues between India and China. the country assumed responsibility for the border and pulled back patrols from disputed areas.

Other Events of this day:

1. The Siege of Chittorgarh  (1567) –  The Siege of Chittorgarh was started on October 20, 1567. It was a part of the campaign of the Mughal Empire against the kingdom of Mewar which was led by Akbar. Almost 8,000 Rajputs and 40,000 peasants were surrounded and besieged under the command of Jaimal in Chittorgarh.

2.  World Osteoporosis Day  (1996) –  World Osteoporosis Day was started in 1996 and is celebrated on October 20th every year. It was organized by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) for the dedication to raise global awareness of the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease.

3. Birth Anniversary of Sir James Chadwick  (1981) – Sir James Chadwick (20 October 1891 – 24 July 1974) was a British physicist who was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the neutron in 1932. In 1941, he wrote the final draft of the MAUD Report, which inspired the U.S. government to begin serious atomic bomb research efforts.

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